Conroe is the seat of Montgomery County and falls within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. It is located about 40 miles (64 km) north of Houston. As of July 2011, the city population was 58,973, up from 36,811 in 2000.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,123, and the median income for a family was $37,201. Males had a median income of $29,468 versus $23,025 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,841. About 15.0% of families and 19.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.3% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.